A Question of Ideology

The Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) is a constitutional body that advises
the legislature whether or not a certain law is repugnant to Islam.

By Shahrukh Mehboob | March 2020

The present social instability and political unrest in the Muslim world reminds one of the 17th and 18th century Europe when there was a long-standing battle between the Catholics and Protestants which destroyed their socio-political fabric. To get out of the socio-political chaos, they separated religion from the state. However, there is, theoretically speaking, a visible difference between Christianity and Islam. The latter provides comprehensive social and political ideals, while the former lacks it.

Despite the clear message conveyed by Islam of brotherhood, unity and discipline, Muslims have been factionalized and fragmented into different sects. They have their own identities and rigid sets of beliefs which is damaging the roots of the Muslim identity and brotherhood altogether. To cater to this complex and horrific dilemma, there is a dire need for constitutional reforms in the Muslim states.

To carry out such principal reforms, there has always been a need for an acclaimed constitutional body/institution/council but none of the Muslim thinkers have drawn the comprehensive structure of that body concerning power politics of the present era. In the case of Pakistan, we have the name of the Council of Islamic Ideology.

Dr. Qibla Ayaz, Chairman, CII.

Religion has played a conspicuous role in Pakistan. According to the Constitution of Pakistan of 1973, Islam has been declared the state religion. The Islamic way of life was to be promoted, including zakat, awqaf and mosques. For the past 73 years, Pakistan is facing religious discrimination and fanaticism in the form of blasphemy laws, child abuse, women protection issues, etc. To iron out such complications, an important Islamic provision declared that the President would appoint within ninety days of the commencement of the Constitution a Council of Islamic Ideology to make recommendations to the Parliament for bringing the existing laws into conformity with the injunctions of Islam and as to the stages by which such measures should be brought into effect. The Council was also to compile in a suitable form the guidance of Parliament and the Provincial Assemblies, such as injunction of Islam that could be given legislative effect. Article 230 of the Constitution reads: “The Council of Islamic Ideology shall submit its final report within seven years of its appointment and shall submit an annual interim report and Parliament, after considering the report, shall enact laws in respect thereof within two years of the final report.”

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The writer is an Attorney at Law. He can be reached at

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3 thoughts on “A Question of Ideology

  • March 1, 2020 at 11:06 am


  • March 2, 2020 at 1:30 am

    Nice analysis…keep on this type of efforts.Thank you

    • March 3, 2020 at 7:02 pm

      Pleasure Brother!